Grief Recovery Pyramid & Children
You Can Recover From Your Losses
©Arlene R. Taylor PhD www.arlenetaylor.org
Waste no time in mindless grieving because it is over—smile and
give thanks because it happened at all!
—Arlene R. Taylor
Loss can be described as the state of being deprived of something that you hoped for or once had or thought you had; the perception of being without something that you valued and wanted to retain. The loss can be physical—you can touch or measure it—or it can be abstract, perceived in cognitive, emotional, philosophical, behavioral, or spiritual dimensions. And often a combination of both. On this planet, there are times when the loss is temporary or can be fixed and repaired. There are also times when it cannot.
Avoid getting caught in the trap of defining loss too narrowly. It could involve the death of a partner, family member, friend, or pet or separation/divorce; displacement due to a natural disaster such an earthquake, hurricane, flood, or tornado; the loss of a body organ or body part; the loss of some sensory perception (e.g., sight or hearing); a hoped-for event that does not materialize or the diminishment of your options (e.g., inability to follow a certain career path). Defining loss more globally can help you to identify it more quickly and begin the process of effective grief recovery in a timely manner.
Creating a Loss Line—hard copy or electronic—can help you picture losses over your lifetime; some of which may be prior to your actual birth. Write the date and the loss event in the middle of the page.
- Note what you "lost"or gave up on the bottom portion of the page
- Note what you gained on the top portion because there is always a "gift" if you look for it.
- Note if you grieved the loss (N or Y) and your level of recovery
Grief recovery is the process of learning to feel better and to achieve a condition of balance following any type of loss. For some, grief recovery means returning to a previously experienced state of soundness and balance; for others, it means attaining a state of soundness and balance that they may not have experienced before. It involves grieving the loss and healing the pain. Just as human beings can recover from the pain of surgery and feel better as the incision heals or recover from a broken bone and feel better as the bone heals, so you can recover from a loss and feel better as you move through the grieving process effectively.
Grief is something like a toothache. It rarely resolves on its own. Try to ‘stuff’ all thoughts of the loss and avoid grief recovery and you can set yourself up for developing a slush fund of unresolved loss and grief in the brain. This can put you at risk for overreacting when even a small loss occurs down the line and can trigger behaviors that result in negative outcomes (a ‘mess’), which then may require considerable clean-up.
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross discussed the five stages of grief in her book On Death and Dying (1969). The five stages—denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance—have been landmark in helping individuals prepare for their own death. There can be a vast difference, however, between the grieving process useful in preparation for one’s own death and the grief-recovery process that is effective for survivors of loss.
The Grief Recovery Pyramid is designed to help survivors work through loss episodes and move successfully through the grief recovery process.
Identifying a loss, along with the perception of what it means to you in your life, and the choice to move through the grief recovery process both begin in the brain.
Stages I, II, and III follow, including Suggestions for Action. You may find yourself moving back and forth around the pyramid or even re-experiencing symptoms from time to time.
Stage I -Shock
Symptoms may last from a few days to several weeks and may include:
Suggestions for action
Feel and show grief in your own way
Stage II – Distress
Symptoms may last from a few weeks to two years and may include:
Suggestions for action
Stage III – Acceptance
Timelines will vary for each individual.
Suggestions for action
Remember, recovery is a process—an ongoing journey—that differs for each individual because each brain is different. It is what it is and you can do it.
A child can live with anything as long as he or she is told the truth and is allowed to share with loved ones the natural feelings people have when they are suffering.
Loss can be overwhelming for children. They may exhibit this by going from being quiet to noisy (or vice versa), or from caring to aggressive or stoic. They may experience nightmares or sleep-walking, become easily upset, become frantic when care providers are out of sight, or revert to more infantile behaviors (e.g., thumbsucking, bedwetting). To the extent that you are comfortable with your own grief recovery process, you are better able to role model an appropriate process for them. Following are suggestions for helping children deal with loss.
- Provide opportunities for them to talk about how they are feeling. Listen without judgment. Don’t rush them.
- Encourage them to express their feelings by drawing, taking pictures, journaling, or working on crafts.
- Role model using words that express emotions: afraid, sad, angry, or happy.
- Let them know that tears are okay and can be helpful in the grieving process, regardless of gender. Avoid pushing them to shed tears, however.
- Reassure them that you expect to be there to take care of them.
- Give them hope for the future (e.g., calendar activities for next week, month, and year).
- Maintain familiar routines as much as possible to help promote a sense of security, familiarity, and stability.
- Provide opportunities for them to experience a sense of being in control over something (e.g., clothes, foods).
- Avoid isolating from others. Schedule happy times with friends and relatives. Joy and loss are part of living.
- Allow them to participate in doing something to improve the situation for others (e.g., visiting a friend, taking flowers to the hospital, writing a letter, sending an email or text, making phone calls, donating food to a homeless shelter).
- Include them in your grief recovery process. Be real. Be authentic. Allow them to see your frailty as well as your strength.
- Role-model your process of grief recovery and show them that success is possible!
- Give them a mental picture, a visualization to help them “picture or see” hope and/or comfort.